Indo-US Strategic Partnership: Managing China’s Rise

India's foremost external security challenge in the 2020-30 timeframe will be to manage the rise of a militarily assertive China that is seeking to achieve a favourable strategic posture', and a nuclear-armed North Korea, its belligerent ally. China's brazen violation of international norms in...

CLAWS Scholar Warrior | 2018
Countering Pakistan’s war: Tactical assertiveness, strategic restraint

While the strategic restraint shown by India despite grave provocation enabled the country to keep the level of conflict low and sustain a high rate of economic growth, it failed to create any disincentives for Pakistan s deep state. The remaining roots of the militancy in J&K are now in Pakistan...

CLAWS Scholar Warrior | 2017
Posturing to dialogue: India and Pakistan must establish military-to-military contacts

The DGMOs of India and Pakistan should meet biannually at the AttariWagah border to discuss contentious military issues with a view to reducing tensions through negotiations. Regular flag meetings need to be instituted at the brigade level along the LoC and DIG range level between the BSF and the...

CLAWS Scholar Warrior | 2016
India & China territorial dispute

A senior Chinese interlocutor told this analyst at a bilateral think tanks' dialogue at Bangkok in October 2009 that relations between China and India would flourish very well if India was to hand over the Dalai Lama to China even at this belated stage. In 15 to 20 years from now, China may attempt...

Indian Defence Review | 2016
Pakistan’s tactical nuclear warheads and the efficacy of India’s nuclear doctrine

Following the terrorist attack at Uri in September 2016, several Pakistanis, including Khawaja Asif, the Defence Minister, held out nuclear threats to deter Indian military retaliation, particularly the threat to employ tactical nuclear warheads against Indian forces. India's nuclear doctrine states...

The War College Journal | 2016
Cold start: India’s pro-active offensive operations doctrine for war in the plains

The term Cold Start is still being used colloquially, especially in think tanks, and is used to depict India's pro-active offensive operations doctrine in this article. The pre-Operation Parakram doctrine for offensive operations was based primarily on employing the combat potential of India's...

The War College Journal | 2016
Down memory lane: Playing the sport of kings on target, on time, everytime

When the last target had been effectively engaged, the CO smugly asked the GOC whether he would like to indicate a target. One of the six targets warranted a small 100 metres correction to move the MPI of the regiment closer to the centre of the target.

The Artillery Journal | 2016

No country that is not substantially self-reliant in Defence production can aspire to become a dominant military power in its region and, in due course, on the world stage. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has selected […]

Defence & Security Alert | 2016
Non-proliferation challenges: An Indian perspective

Robert Gallucci, a former top non proliferation official at the State Department who negotiated a 1994 nuclear agreement with North Korea, urged the US Congress to reject the deal because it "Trashes" the non proliferation regime. Such a regime could provide a Key building block in a comprehensive...

CBRN Journal | 2015
Border management : Need for reform

Due to the lack of understanding of such military issues among the decision-making elite, India's borders continue to be manned by a large number of military, para-military and police forces, each of which has its own ethos and each of which reports to a different central ministry at New Delhi, with...

CLAWS Scholar Warrior | 2015
Long term implications of the rise of the Islamic State for stability in West Asia

The newly proclaimed Islamic State, not recognised by any other state as yet, is also called ISIS; ISIL; and, Daesh. The US has been arming the Syrian opposition led by the Free Syrian Army for several years to fight President Assad. It now hopes the Syrian opposition will join the fight against...

Door Drishti | 2015
Defence expenditure: Conflicting tales

The Parliament's Standing Committee on Defence has repeatedly recommended the gradual raising of defence expenditure to 3.0 per cent of the GDP. However, the 13″ Finance Commission had recommended that the nations defence expenditure should progressively come down to 1.76 per cent of the GDP by...

Indian Defence Review | 2015
India-Russia defence cooperation: Strategic partnership to transactional relationship

India's acquisition of weapons and defence equipment from Russia has been the most enduring part of the India-Russia strategic partnership. Russia offered strategic technologies to India when India was being subjected to technology denial regimes.

Post-2014 instability in Afghanistan: Impact and role of regional players

The NATO-ISAF withdrawal is likely to leave a security deficit in Afghanistan, which will further add to regional instability in a region that has become known as the epicentre of fundamentalist terrorism. The willingness of regional actors to play a positive role in stabilising Afghanistan, rather...

CLAWS Scholar Warrior | 2014
Pakistan-Afghan relations: Challenging prospects

The foremost challenge that Afghanistan faces from Pakistan is that of trans-Durand Line hit-and-run strike operations from safe havens in Pakistan by groups like the Haqqani Network against targets in Afghanistan. "The government of Afghanistan and the people of Afghanistan have endeavoured to...

CLAWS Scholar Warrior | 2013
Exit Strategy in Afganistan: US plan will lead to further instability

Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, still a perceptive observer of the emerging strategic environment, has written that four conditions must be met to make the exit strategy viable: "A cease-fire; withdrawal of all or most American and allied forces: the creation of a coalition government or...

The Artillery Journal | 2011
Modernization of Indian artillery: Vision and imperatives

Russia gave India nuclear submarines on lease and provided assistance for the development of the cryogenic rocket engine for India's GSLV. During the December 2014 summit meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin, Russia had agreed to supply 12 nuclear power reactors...

The Artillery Journal | 2009
Coercive force and national security in the Indian context

Some Indian analysts do believe that limited war in the Indian context implies specifically targeted strikes across the LoC to destroy the sanctuaries provided by Pakistan and its army to the so-called mujahideen terrorists, including hot pursuit, so that they are unable to infiltrate and indulge in...

Indian Council of World Affairs | 2006
The threat of biological terrorism and India’s response

The aim of the present article is to analyse the nature of the threat posed by biological agents and a probable bio-terrorist attack; and Indias' response and needed-strategy to deal with the threats of biological terrorism. "The mismatch between threat assessments and preparedness efforts can be...

Indian Council of World Affairs | 2005
Indian army’s role in nation building

Besides ensuring a nation's territorial integrity and making a substantial contribution to national security, every young nation's army has a major role to play in nation building. For over fifty years since independence, the Indian Army has been in the forefront as the guarantor of the nation's...

Military Yearbook | 2004
Remembering the Kargil firestorm: Homage to a great victory

The Indian artillery fired over 2,50,000 shells, bombs and rockets during the Kargil conflict. Three valiant officers and 34 brave soldiers of the Regiment of Artillery laid down their lives during the Kargil conflict in the true spirit of "Izzat O Iqbal" The COAS honoured three units of the...

The Artillery Journal | 2004
Dominating the line of control with firepower

Russia gave India nuclear submarines on lease and provided assistance for the development of the cryogenic rocket engine for India's GSLV. During the December 2014 summit meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin, Russia had agreed to supply 12 nuclear power reactors...

The Artillery Journal | 2002
Nuclear confidence building and risk reduction in Southern Asia

EXISTING NUCLEAR CBMS IN SOUTHERN ASIA. While discussing nuclear CBMs, most diplomats and analysts tend to focus on India and Pakistan only, due to their misperceptions that Southern Asia is a nuclear flashpoint. Nuclear safety, security, confidence building and risk reduction are issues that need...

ARTRAC Journal | 2001
Shiva’s dance of death: Artillery vision for the future

In the classic "Fire and manoeuvre' tactics practised during operations on 20th century battlefields, Artillery traditionally provided the firepower punch, with some help from the Air Force, while infantry and mechanised forces units manoeuvred to gain tactical advantage. Artillery engagements were...

The Artillery Journal | 2001
Safety and security of India’s N-weapons

Besides posing practical difficulties, the virtual non-involvement of the armed forces in the country's nuclear weapons programme has undermined the credibility of India's nuclear deterrent and raised doubts about the safety and security of nuclear weapons. The need for ensuring the highest...

Strategic Analysis | 2001
India’s Nuclear Doctrine and Policy

Deterrence by Denial India’s nuclear policy is underpinned by a categorical and unambiguous commitment to “no first use” of nuclear weapons against nuclear armed adversaries and the non-use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapons states. […]

Strategic Analysis | 2001
India’s national security strategy in a nuclear environment

Does India have a comprehensive, clearly enunciated national security strategy? Does India need such a strategy in its nuclear weapons-dominated, unstable external security environment, and an internal security scenario vitiated by foreign sponsored insurgencies? the answer to the first question is...

Strategic Analysis | 2000
India’s Nuclear Force Structure

Background Though the dust has settled over Pokhran and the Chagai Hills since the nuclear blasts of May 1998, their aftershocks are still reverberating round the world. The crossing of the nuclear Rubicon had propelled […]

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Joint air attack teams: Integration of AAH and FGA missions as a combat force multiplier

One method of achieving the necessary integration and close cooperation is by forming joint air attack teams - an idea whose time has come. The differences in speed, manoeuvrability, weapons systems and the AD threat to FGA aircraft and AAH demand careful selection of attack modes, clear delineation...

Indian Defence Review | 2000
Case for a Chief Defense of Staff: Inescapable requirement

In the present era of strategic uncertainties and rapidly changing threats, there is now an unavoidable necessity of establishing a Joint Planning Staff headquarters for the planning and conduct of joint operations under a single overall Commander-in-Chief who could be called the Chief of Defence...

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Nuclear targeting philosophy for India

At the heart of a nation's targeting philosophy is the question: what deters? Is the adversary to be deterred by threatening his major cities with annihilation? Or, is he to be deterred by threatening decapitating strikes against his political and military leadership? Or, would he be deterred by...

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Implementation of India’s ‘No First Use’ Doctrine—Need for Some Inescapable Qualifications

Impact of Conventional Capabilities on Nuclear Doctrine For some time now a major debate has been raging in the strategic community in India (or the ‘strategic enclave’, as George Perkovich calls it in his book […]

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Does India need tactical nuclear weapons?

To 60,000 nuclear warheads were produced since the arguably senseless bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, some basic human survival instinct "Repeatedly stayed the finger that might have pushed the button." The world's abhorrence for nuclear weapons is now so widespread and deep-rooted that...

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Pakistan’s continuing challenge in Kashmir: Need for a trans-LoC pro-active response

Pakistan army's foolhardy attack on a forward Indian post on the Line of Control in the Palanwala sector of the area of responsibility of the Akhnur Division on January 22, 2000, was part of Pakistan's larger gameplan of keeping the LoC active so as to perpetuate the myth that Kashmir is a nuclear...

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Fifty Years of the Republic: Indian Army’s Extraordinary Contribution

When the Indian tricolour was hoisted on Tiger Hill and soon fluttered atop many other peaks in the high Himalayas of Kargil district in July 1999, the Pakistan army had been handed out one more […]

Strategic Analysis | 2000

Introduction Ever Since early – 1990, when the present spell of Pakistan Inspired, aided and abetted Insurgency erupted In the Kashmir Valley, artillery units have stood shoulder to shoulder with the Infantry to share the […]

Defence Today | 2000
Command and control of nuclear weapons in India

In dealing with the employment of nuclear weapons, the issue of control becomes a question of "Technology and wiring' and a delegation and devolution of authority in crises? Osgood has described a number of components of command and control of nuclear weapons; these include: the manufacture of...

Strategic Analysis | 2000
Pakistan’s national security imperatives

Pakistani strategists felt that a new security consensus among these Muslim neighbours would produce numerous dividends for Pakistan and the Muslim world through organizations such as OIC and ECO. However, Indian diplomacy has achieved considerable success in trade and foreign relations ties with...

Defence Today | 2000
Indian Army at fifty: Guarantor of the nation’s freedom

Throughout the fifty years since independence, the Indian Army has been at the forefront as the guarantor of the nation's freedom against external aggression and as the primary force engaged in keeping the nation together in the face of internal discord, communal disharmony and fissiparous...

Electronic warfare: The newest knight in shining armour

The increasingly dominant role being played by electronics in land, sea and air warfare is gradually forcing the world's armed forces to recognize the value of a new concept in tactical operations, often referred to as electronic combat or Electronic Warfare - a significant force multiplier which...

Indian Defence Review | 2000
Emerging trends in US policy towards South Asia

India is likely to be viewed as a potential challenge and an area of conflicting interests in the twenty-first century by US policy planners, even though it may never be formally recognized as an emerging threat. India, while welcoming enhanced US interest in South Asia, should simultaneously pursue...

Indian Defence Review | 2000
India’s external security environment: A review

India has adopted a policy of "zero tolerance" for terrorism and has clearly stated that there can be no meaningful discussions with Pakistan till that country completely stops the sponsorship of terrorism in India. China's unjustifiable opposition to India's nuclear weapons programme, its...

Strategic Analysis | 1999
Ban on anti-personnel landmines: An update

The US joined the Oslo Conference only at the last minute to avoid being isolated on this emotive issue and set several pre-conditions, including the right to maintain APMs in Korea Or nine years, before agreeing to be a party to the proposed ban on the use, manufacture and sale of APMs. Other US...

Strategic Analysis | 1999
Non-lethal weapons: Security with a humane face

Should the situation warrant the employment of the army to render aid to the civil authority, it needs to -be considered whether such a pre-condition for a graduated response from NLWs to lethal weapons should be imposed. NLWs are unlikely to ever substitute lethal weapons completely, they will only...

Strategic Analysis | 1999
Operation Vijay: Artillery’s crowning glory

The guns of the field artillery fired audaciously in the direct firing role under the very nose of Pakistani artillery observation posts, without regard for personal safety. Artillery OPs were established on dominating heights on the flanks of the intrusions and sustained artillery fire was brought...

The Artillery Journal | 1999
A new world order: An appraisal-II

While the new international economic order is positively shaping the New World Order, it is, at the same time, conforming to the New World Order and adapting to it. In Major General Banerjee's words, "It created the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The system of fixed exchange rates...

Strategic Analysis | 1999
Proxy war in Kashmir: Jehad or state sponsored terrorism?

Pakistan's General Zia ul Haq's concept was to exploit the religious sentiments of the Kashmiri people, whip up passions on communal and sectarian lines, fan the flames of religious fundamentalism and, in the process, gradually create conditions for waging a jehad. Before launching its proxy war in...

Strategic Analysis | 1999
China’s long march to world power status: Strategic challenge for India

While China is likely to continue Its present stance of improving relations with India as a period of "Peace and tranquility" will enable China to consolidate both economically and militarily, it is unlikely to countenance India's aspirations to become a major regional power in the Asia-Pacific...

Strategic Analysis | 1999
Izzat ‘O’ Iqbal in Kashmir

With 120 men routinely out on a daily basis, and taking into account the normal commitments of a field regiment, the personnel generally available in the regiment area during daytime are the Commanding Officer or Second-in-Command, Adjutant or Quarter Master, Subedar Major, Regiment Havildar Major,...

The Artillery Journal | 1998
On target, on time – everytime

If there is a requirement of providing fire support, it is cardinal of faith among Gunners that, no matter how impossible the going, the guns will be brought to the selected gun position and made operational well before the stipulated time. Traditionally, after an exercise, when the guns are brought...

The Artillery Journal | 1997
For Compulsory army service

In recent months a great deal of media attention has been focused on the shortage of approximately 12,00 officers in the Indian Army and the deleterious effects of this problem on the Army’s war-fighting capability […]

The Observer | 1997
A just war and a grand victory

On 25 November he had declared, "In ten days time, I may not be here in Rawalpindi. I may be off fighting a war." The Pakistan Air Force's pre-emptive air strike unleashed the dogs of war between India and Pakistan, for the third time in 25 years. Her calmness was reassuring, her confidence...

Sainik Samachar | 1997
Indian missiles: Reaching for the sky

These Indian missiles are being developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Project, launched by the Government of India in 1983, under the aegis of the Defence Research and Development Organisation. As the missiles will be purely Indian systems, the enemy will be unable to ascertain their exact...

Crystalgazing: A peep into the future

Writing a perceptive piece on the subject in "Defence News", Pat Cooper states that, "The ability to wage war in cyberspace has a deterrent value that rates between the threat of a conventional military attack and a nuclear In the same article, Arthur Cebrowski, Director, Command, Control,...

Combat Journal | 1996
National security council – Panacea or pipedream

National security strategy requires a holistic approach, clear concepts for determining vital national security objectives and policies, a viable framework for the successful implementation of the policies, constant monitoring of the security environment to anticipate and pre-empt or neutralize...

Combat Journal | 1996

Crystalgazing : A Peep into the Future January 2015, 1000 hours. The mellow rays of the winter sun glinted off the drum major’s baton as the coloufully attired brass band marched past the Chief of […]

Combat Journal | 1996

With alarming regularity, screaming headlines inform the nation that is not well On the security front. The arms drop at Purulia, the suspicious flights Lakhimpui, the bomb blasts at Lajpat Nagar in New Delhi and […]

Combat Journal | 1996

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of M Phil at the College of Combat, Mhow (MP). January 1996       THE NEW WORLD ORDER : ADAPTING TO CHANGES […]

Dissertation | 1996
Honour, glory and competence in Kashmir valley

"The crisp order was answered by an AK4/ burst from the militant in the co-driver's seat, in the general direction of the voice. One of the militants in the body of the tipper also fired a few swift bursts."Number 2 Section, Fire, the Major ordered and, taking careful aim at the Codriver, he led the...

The Artillery Journal | 1995
Glimpses of hi-tech artillery battle

The solution includes the number and name of fire units, shell and fuze combination and the number of rounds to be fired, based on the Artillery Commander's laid down criteria regarding percentage of casualties, degree of neutralisation etc. Just before the guns fire their first salvo of pre H Hour...

The Artillery Journal | 1992
Free, Fair and Peaceful

They came from all over the Namibian people, young and old, educated and illiterate, rich and poor, of all colours and tithes and many religions, drove in cars, rode buses Or bakkies, flew in by […]

UNTAG Journal | 1990
UNTAG in Namibia : An Overview

1 April 1989 was a red-letter day in Namibia’s strife-tom and troubled recent history. On that day the United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) commenced its operations in the country to assist its transition freedom […]

UNTAG Journal | 1989
Break-in operations: A fresh look at some important artillery aspects

Present day planning of artillery operations for a break-in battle is largely based on Montgomery's North Africa Campaign, particularly the last battle of EI Alamein, and its characterised by dumping of enormous quantities of ammunition, extensive preparatory bombardment and continuous covering...

The Artillery Journal | 1989

INTRODUCTION Thu battlefield of the future will be characterised by fast flowing, mobile operation , conducted by mechanised forces in a high density electronic environment. Enemy force will be located, tracked and engaged by fire […]

Combat Journal | 1988
Strike corps offensive operations – Imperatives for success

As is the won't in a peacetime army, planning for offensive operations in current discussions, war games and exercises is being increasingly based on acceptable stereotypes rather than on the intrinsic requirements of the allotted task(s), the terrain constraints, the enemy's pattern of defensive...

Indian Defence Review | 1988
Where ISMS have not reached

Gradually, almost imperceptibly, village Malsisar stirs to life. Every village has its Taal, a dry pond with a hard bed.

Sainik Samachar | 1987
Soldier Citizens

Since the dawn of civilization, military service in India has always had a place of honour among the vocations. A period of military service is a vital part of a citizen's education for life in a world where disorder is rampant.

Sainik Samachar | 1985
Sentinels of the sky

The 40 mm L-70 Gun with the 'Superfledermaus' fire-control system was introduced into service, the control and reporting system was improved further, and latter coordinated with the IAF. By 1971, the Air Defence Gunners were full of confidence in their new weapons and ready for any eventuality....

Sainik Samachar | 1985
Halt! Action front

A hurriedly designed 10 Pr gun, with the revolutionary new breech mechanism saw the First World War through and was then superseded by the 2.75 in BL gun. The mountain gunners swore by their screw guns and these guns were immortalised by Rudyard Kipling in his famous ballad "Screw Guns" which still...

The Artillery Journal | 1985

INTRODUCTION “On the battlefield of the future, enemy forces will be located, tracked and targeted almost instantaneously through the use of data links, computer assisted intelligence evaluation and automated fire control. With first round kill […]

OTHER | 1985
Nuclear Artillery

Introduction One of mankind’s most gruesome achievements in the twentieth century is the ability to destroy the entire human race several times over. The nuclear stockpile of the united states has an estimated explosive yield […]

The ARC of Crisis: Geo-Strategic Aspects of West Asia

Today, more than at any other time in modern history, West Asia in turmoil is a barometer of the world political climate. Developments in the West Asian countries and the state of relations among them, […]

The safety, honour and welfare of the men you command

Somewhere along the line, we have conveniently altered the otherwise inviolate sequence of our inspiring Academy credo and we have all but forgotten that the honour, safety and welfare of the men we command take precedence over our own needs and comforts. Not making any attempt to ameliorate their...

Lest We Forget

DECEMBER 3,1971. In the twilight of a cold winter evening, the birds were coming home to roost in the trees around Ambala airfield when the thunder of diving jets and the • noisy explosion of […]

Illustrated Weekly | 1982
They did us Proud

November 1979. The sun is gentle and pleasant. It is the pursuit of leisure, for a change, that engages the attention of the whole town as the School of Artillery prepares to host the 13th […]

The Artillery Journal | 1979
Tactics without tears

Tactics is in a different boat-intangible situations, a plethora of possibilities with a thin, mobile line between 'tactically sound' and 'tactically unsound', and a colossal amount of unrelated facts and figures, give students psychedelic nightmares. TEN POINT PLAN. This discourse has been guided...

The Artillery Journal | 1979